Biometrics in a Data Driven World: Trends, Technologies, and by Sinjini Mitra, Mikhail Gofman

By Sinjini Mitra, Mikhail Gofman

Biometrics in a knowledge pushed international: tendencies, applied sciences, and Challenges goals to notify readers in regards to the sleek purposes of biometrics within the context of a data-driven society, to familiarize them with the wealthy heritage of biometrics, and to supply them with a glimpse into the way forward for biometrics.

The first component to the ebook discusses the basics of biometrics and offers an outline of universal biometric modalities, particularly face, fingerprints, iris, and voice. It additionally discusses the historical past of the sector, and gives an summary of rising traits and possibilities. the second one portion of the booklet introduces readers to a variety of biometric functions.

The subsequent a part of the ebook is devoted to the dialogue of case experiences of biometric modalities at the moment used on cellular functions. As smartphones and capsule pcs are speedily turning into the dominant purchaser machine structures, biometrics-based authentication is rising as a vital part of shielding cellular units opposed to unauthorized entry, whereas permitting new and hugely well known purposes, comparable to safe on-line check authorization.

The publication concludes with a dialogue of destiny developments and possibilities within the box of biometrics, as a way to pave the way in which for advancing study within the region of biometrics, and for the deployment of biometric applied sciences in real-world applications.

The ebook is designed for people drawn to exploring the modern purposes of biometrics, from scholars to researchers and practitioners operating during this box. either undergraduate and graduate scholars enrolled in college-level defense classes also will locate this ebook to be a particularly invaluable companion.

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Extra info for Biometrics in a Data Driven World: Trends, Technologies, and Challenges

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Needless to say, the role of quality in an authentication protocol varies from biometric to biometric. Hence, we first discuss the specific quality challenges for the most popularly used biometric modalities, and then present other issues and challenges that are common across all biometric authentication applications, such as false positives, privacy intrusion and user cooperation, spoofing, and so on. 1 Quality of Fingerprint Images The absence of robustness against image quality degradation has a great impact on the performance of a fingerprint recognition system [60,61].

The concept is often referred to as revocable or cancellable biometrics [92]. However, given such points, an attacker can construct a fake fingerprint that has the same discriminatory information. In the biometric cryptosystem approach, an external key is associated with each template, such that neither the key nor the biometric template can be derived unless the genuine biometric data is presented [92]. Revocable biometrics continues to be an active area of research with a continuous emergence of new techniques.

2011. The 10 most popular iPhone passwords, starring 1234, June. com/2011/06/13/the10-most-popular-iphone-passwords-starring1234 (retrieved April 23, 2013). 6. K. 2001. Face detection: A survey, Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 83, 236–274. 7. , Pentland, A. 1991. Eigenfaces for recognition, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 3, 72–86. 8. J. 1997. Eigenfaces vs. Fisherfaces: Recognition using class specific linear projection, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 19, 711–720.

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