Beta Beams: Neutrino Beams by Mats Lindroos

By Mats Lindroos

The beta-beam suggestion for the new release of electron neutrino beams was once first proposed by way of Piero Zucchelli in 2002. the assumption created fairly a stir, tough the concept that extreme neutrino beams simply should be made out of the decay of pions or muons in classical neutrino beams amenities or in destiny neutrino factories. the idea that at the start struggled to make an effect however the exertions through many computer physicists, phenomenologists and theoreticians during the last 5 years has received the beta-beam a well-earned place as one of many frontrunners for a potential destiny global laboratory for prime depth neutrino oscillation physics. this can be the 1st entire monograph at the beta-beam idea. The publication describes either technical facets and experimental points of the beta-beam, delivering: scholars and scientists with an perception into the probabilities provided through beta-beams; facility designers with a place to begin for destiny experiences; and, coverage makers with a finished photo of the bounds and chances provided via a beta-beam.

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In the top-left part of the figure the collection is down off-axes with a Wien filter creating a transverse separation between the circulating beam and the produced ions. 3 Estimates made by the authors for the production rate per second in the target of a few isotopes of interest for beta beams. Note that the references are to the methods rather than to the production limits. 4 Ion Transfer, Ionization and Bunching The ions produced in a thick ISOL target has to be collected and ionized before they can be accelerated.

NOνA can also allow the mass hierarchy problem to be solved for a limited range of the δCP and sign(∆m223 ) parameters [57], this thanks to the longer baseline with respect to T2K. As a second phase, proton intensity could be raised up to 10·1020 pot/yr and a second detector placed into operation at a different off-axis angle at the second oscillation maximum [57]. 3 Reactor experiments Another approach to searching for non-vanishing θ13 is to look at ν e disappearance using nuclear reactors as neutrino sources.

S. s. 48 15 O 21 Na 33 Ar 24 Ar the In-Flight method the ions are produced through fragmentation of a heavy stable beam in a thin target. The produced ions are separated after the target in an electro-static mass and velocity filter resulting in a rather large emittance but isotopically pure beam. The ISOL method (see Fig. 3) uses a thick target in which a beam of particles is almost stopped. At higher energies this will result in 32 Accelerated Generated Neutrino Beams: Beta Beams Fig. 3 At most operation ISOL facilities, a thick and hot target is used (right).

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