An Introduction to Language and Linguistics by Fasold R., Connor-Linton J.

By Fasold R., Connor-Linton J.

Show description

Read or Download An Introduction to Language and Linguistics PDF

Similar introduction books

Metaphor: A Practical Introduction

This transparent and lucid primer fills a big want by means of supplying a entire account of the numerous new advancements within the research of metaphor during the last 20 years and their influence on our knowing of language, tradition, and the brain. starting with Lakoff and Johnson's seminal paintings in Metaphors we are living by way of, Kövecses outlines the advance of "the cognitive linguistic concept of metaphor" through explaining key principles on metaphor.

Introduction to modeling in physiology and medicine

This unified modeling textbook for college students of biomedical engineering presents a whole path textual content at the foundations, thought and perform of modeling and simulation in body structure and drugs. it really is devoted to the wishes of biomedical engineering and medical scholars, supported through utilized BME functions and examples.

The Concept of Sainthood in Early Islamic Mysticism: Two Works by Al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi - An Annotated Translation with Introduction (Routledgecurzon Sufi Series)

This publication offers translations of the earliest Arabic autobiography and the earliest theoretical rationalization of the psychic improvement and powers of an Islamic holy guy (Saint, pal of God).

Introduction to Soft Soil Geotechnique: Content, Context and Application

Liveable area in deltas and river basins is lower than expanding strain around the world from fiscal enlargement, inhabitants development and the affects of weather switch. it's anticipated that inside of forty years, eighty% of every person will dwell in deltaic areas. An realizing of the complicated habit of the subsoil is very very important in those parts.

Extra resources for An Introduction to Language and Linguistics

Sample text

And the speaker, of course, is the musician, changing the shape of the column of air to modulate the sound produced. Thinking about speech sounds in this way is called the source-filter theory of speech production. This is how it works. As air passes out of the trachea and over the vocal folds, if the speaker holds them in the correct position, the folds begin to vibrate. They flap open and closed at a frequency between about 100 times per second (for a large adult male) and 300 times per second (for a child).

But on top of this basic flapping motion, there are many different subripples in the moving vocal folds. Think of sheets flapping in the breeze on a laundry line; they don’t flap stiffly up and down, but ripple in complicated patterns. Each of these little ripples contributes its own pattern of vibration to the sound, creating “overtones,” or harmonics, in addition to the basic pitch of the speaker’s voice. The basic rate of vibration, the fundamental frequency, determines the pitch, but the overtones create the different qualities of different sounds.

You can’t see the tongue as it’s moving around inside someone’s mouth; you can’t see the sound waves traveling through the air; you can’t see the vibration of the fluid in the inner ear. Since ancient times, however, phoneticians have made the best of the information they had access to, employing careful listening, measuring, modeling, and notation. In addition, more sophisticated devices have been developed within the past decades – devices such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), sonography, and digital acoustic analysis.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.29 of 5 – based on 23 votes