Advances in Insect Physiology by Stephen J. Simpson and Jeacuterocircme Casas (Eds.)

By Stephen J. Simpson and Jeacuterocircme Casas (Eds.)

This most recent quantity during this sequence includes articles at the body structure of human and animal affliction vectors.

* Contributions from the best researchers in entomology * Discusses the physiological range in bugs * comprises in-depth stories with precious details for numerous entomology disciplines

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The chapter describes a series of unsuccessful attempts at inducing olfactory conditioning in mosquitoes. , 2000; McCall and Eaton, 2001). In most of these studies, the experiments were not designed to test learning and thus lacked adequate controls; in other studies, alternative mechanisms appear to be more likely explanations than learning. 13 Repellents, how they work A repellent has been defined as a chemical that, in the vapour phase, prevents an insect from reaching a target to which it would otherwise be attracted (Browne, 1977).

These observations suggest that the antennae, which bear thermoreceptors (Bernard, 1974), play a central role in the insect’s search for blood. However, how the information conveyed is then used by the insect remains unclear. The basic laws of thermodynamics predict that the information received by the insect upon delivery of an amount of heat is ambiguous. A large, hot, distant object could produce the same local warming effect on the insect’s antennae as a small tepid object placed at a shorter distance.

In contrast, the response to heat progresses gradually, with the responsiveness to heat increasing steadily for about 10 days before reaching a maximum level. These observations suggest that each of the three responses – attraction to CO2 or heat, and feeding – follows its own pattern of maturation. This is probably related to the roles of different physiological processes, such as the maturation of sensory organs, sclerotization of the mouthparts, modulation of the biochemical machinery associated with food intake, handling and digestion, and others that still need to be elucidated.

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