By Andrzej Witkowski, Andrzej Rusin, Miroslaw Majkut, Sebastian Rulik, Katarzyna Stolecka
Providing a accomplished research of CO2 compression, transportation tactics and questions of safety for submit combustion CO2 trap purposes for a 900 MW pulverized demanding coal-fired strength plant, this booklet assesses innovations for enhancing the strain of CO2 to pipeline strain values with a minimum volume of strength. 4 sorts of compressors are tested intimately: a standard multistage centrifugal compressor, integrally geared centrifugal compressor, supersonic surprise wave compressor, and pump machines. The learn demonstrates that the whole compression energy is heavily with regards to the thermodynamic procedure and isn't made up our minds by means of compressor potency on my own. one other challenge addressed is that of CO2 pipeline shipping from the compressor outlet website to a disposal web site less than warmth move stipulations. The booklet additionally beneficial properties an research of simulations and versions which are used to figure out the utmost secure pipeline distance to next booster stations as a functionality of inlet strain, ambient temperature, thickness of the thermal insulation and ground-level warmth flux stipulations. This ebook makes a speciality of compression in addition to transportation techniques with specific emphasis at the protection dangers with regards to the delivery of CO2. crucial challenge when it comes to environmental safety is making sure particular and trustworthy threat identity. As risks can purely be controlled successfully in the event that they are correctly pointed out, difficulties regarding the release and atmospheric dispersion of CO2 also are discussed.
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Additional info for Advances in Carbon Dioxide Compression and Pipeline Transportation Processes (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology)
NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, July 11, 2012 Lüdtke KH (2004) Process centrifugal compressors. Springer, Berlin Łukowicz H, Mroncz M (2012) Basic technological concepts of a “Capture Ready” power plant. Energy fuels. ACS Publications, pp 6475–6481 Moore JJ, Nored MG (2008) Novel concepts for the compression of large volumes of carbon dioxide. In: Proceedings of ASME turbo expo 2008 3 Compression and Pumping Technology Options 35 Moran MJ, Shapiro HN (1988) Fundamentals of engineering thermodynamics.
2). The disadvantage of a higher compression temperature after the last stage, which results from leaving the ideal process of isothermal compression, can be compensated for by the advantage of heat recovery and power optimization in the plant. The benefits of the advanced shock wave compression technology if applied to a high-mole weight gas such as CO2 are competitive efficiencies, a very high pressure ratio, a reduction in weight and a reduction in the capital cost, compared to similar traditional equipment.
Therefore, a series of calculations was performed in this analysis under different assumptions and with an assumed interstage cooler geometry. The obtained results make it possible in this case to determine both the heat exchange surface area and the pressure drops on the “hot” and “cold” ends for individual coolers. Moreover, the presented analysis points to a number of problems arising during the selection of the cooling system configuration and appropriate parameters. The main problems related to the selection and structure of interstage coolers are discussed in the sub-sections below.