Advanced Light Source - Users Handbook

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059 300 alex. 0780 Temp. (K) Optical pump 77 laser diode Mode Ref.

5 Cross-Cascade Laser Schemes → lasing transition ⇒ nonradiative energy transfer transitions Laser ions Er 3+ + Ho 3+ Cross-cascade transitions 4S 4 3+ 3/2 → I13/2 (Er 4I 4 3+ 5 13/2 – I15/2 (Er ) ⇒ I8 5I → 5I 3+ 7 8 Ho ) ( – 5 I7 (Ho 3+ ) ) → 4 I13/2 (Er 3+ ) 4 3+ 5 5 3+ 13/2 – I15/2 (Er ) ⇒ I8 – I7 (Ho ) 5 I → 5 I (Ho 3+ ) 7 8 4I 11/2 4I Er 3+ + Tm3+ 4S 4 3+ ⇒ 3/2 → I13/2 (Er 4I 4 3+ 3 3 13/2 – I15/2 (Er ) ⇒ H 6 – F4 3 F → 3 H Tm3+ 4 6 ) ( (Tm3+ ) ) → 4 I13/2 (Er 3+ ) 4 3+ 3 3 3+ 13/2 – I15/2 (Er ) ⇒ H 6 – F4 (Tm ) 3 F → 3 H (Tm3+ ) 4 6 4I 11/2 4I Tm3+ + Ho 3+ → 3 H 5 ➟ 3 F4 (Tm3+ ) 3 F – 3 H (Tm3+ ) ⇒ 5 I – 5 I (Ho 3+ ) 4 6 8 7 5 5 I → 5 I (Ho 3+ ) 7 8 3H 4 → 3 F4 (Tm3+ ) 3 F – 3 H (Tm3+ ) ⇒ 5 I – 5 I (Ho 3+ ) 4 6 8 7 5 5 I → 5 I (Ho 3+ ) 7 8 3H Er 3+ + Tm3+ + Ho 3+ ©2001 CRC Press LLC 4 → 4 I13/2 (Er 3+ ) 4I 4 3+ 3 3 3+ 13/2 – I15/2 (Er ) ⇒ H 6 – F4 (Tm ) 3 F – 3 H (Tm3+ ) ⇒ 5 I – 5 I (Ho 3+ ) 4 6 8 7 5 5 I → 5 I (Ho 3+ ) 7 8 4I 11/2 Further Reading Caird, J.

95 Vanadium (V 2 + , 3d 3 ) Host crystal Laser transition Wavelength ( m) Temp. (K) Optical pump Mode Ref. 1213 77 Xe lamp p 488 Chromium (Cr 2 + , 3d 4 ) Host crystal Laser transition 5E → 5 T2 → 5 T2 ZnS 5E → 5 T2 ZnSe 5E → 5 T2 CdMnTe 5E Wavelength ( m) Temp. 01 Ref. Chromium (Cr 3 + , 3d 3 ) Host crystal Laser transition Al 2 (WO 4 )3 4T 2 Al 2 O 3 2E Be3 Al 2 Si 6 O 18 2E → 4A2 2E Temp. (K) Optical pump Mode Ref. 6803 77 300 Xe lamp Xe lamp p p 4T 2 BeAl2 O 4 Wavelength ( m) ©2001 CRC Press LLC 118 120 Chromium (Cr 3 + , 3d 3 )—continued Host crystal BeAl2 O 4 Laser transition 2E Temp.

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