By Frans H. van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst
Specialists in argumentation concept current a view of argumentation as a way of resolving adjustments of opinion by means of checking out the acceptability of the disputed positions. Their version of a "critical discussion" serves as a theoretical instrument for interpreting, comparing and generating argumentative discourse. This significant contribution to the learn of argumentation should be of specific price to execs and graduate scholars in speech conversation, casual good judgment, rhetoric, serious pondering, linguistics, and philosophy.
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Extra resources for A Systematic Theory of Argumentation: The Pragma-Dialectical Approach
20 The situation we encounter in practice is usually not immediately ready for use. Then we have to lend nature a helping hand and carry out some cultivation ﬁrst. In some cases, the required modiﬁcations involve no more than digging or ﬁlling in a ditch, but in other cases, it may be necessary 20 A polder is a piece of low-lying land reclaimed from the sea or a river. Realm of argumentation studies 23 to carry out a complex delta works project. ” In the case of argumentation studies, our ideal model of a critical discussion fulﬁlls this function.
Although argumentation researchers engaged in empirical projects usually also have practical aims in mind, it would not be wise to assume a priori that empirical research is only carried out to resolve practical problems. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that the relevance of empirical research is easiest to demonstrate if this research is directly connected with practical problems. This brings us to the practical estate. The practical estate The practical estate of the study of argumentation covers all the institutionalized and non-institutionalized settings that serve as formal or informal meeting places where the inhabitants of the realm can 32 A systematic theory of argumentation have their exchanges – from ofﬁcial deliberations in law courts and political gatherings to unofﬁcial get-togethers and encounters in ofﬁces, pubs, at home, or at the proverbial village pump.
A very well-known example of the ﬁrst category is Corbett (1966). , 1964) and Kruger (1975). See, for example, Copi (1972), Kahane (1973), and Rescher (1975). Generally speaking, the content of the “informal” parts is completely separate from the treatment of modern formal logic in the rest of the book. The “application” of logical insights is usually conﬁned to the “translation” of argumentation from ordinary language to a logical standard form. For a survey of the main insights they have advanced, see van Eemeren et al.