By Hall E. H.
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Extra resources for A Possible Function of the Ions in the Electric Conductivity of Metals(en)(9s)
The measurements are modelled as samples from K normal populations with means µk for the kth sample and with equal and unknown variance σ 2 . Questions • What is the evidence for differential effects of the K conditions? The various means µk are called treatment effects and the null situation occurs when they are all equal; that is, H0 : µ1 = · · · = µK . The alternative we are interested in simply states that H0 is untrue. • Because our alternative does not describe a precise deviation from the null situation, no direction or sidedness is involved.
The alternative we are interested in simply states that H0 is untrue. • Because our alternative does not describe a precise deviation from the null situation, no direction or sidedness is involved. Meta Analysis: A Guide to Calibrating and Combining Statistical Evidence E. Kulinskaya, S. Morgenthaler, and Robert G. Staudte © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. ISBN: 978-0-470-02864-3 40 COMPARING K TREATMENTS Test statistic and distribution • The treatment effects can be estimated by the sample means µ ˆ k = (yk1 + · · · + yknk )/nk = y¯ k .
Let p represent the risk of continued infection following treatment 50 EVALUATING RISKS by antibiotics. 1 eight of 21 patients treated by antibiotics had further infections during the study period. 65 based on these data? In the notation of this chapter n = 21 and S = 8. 3895. 4, which is between weak and moderate. 1. 7 Comparing risks Unknown probabilities of a binary outcome (of survival, contracting a disease, say) for individuals in two groups, treatment and control, are often called risks.