50 Years of Artificial Intelligence: Essays Dedicated to the by Max Lungarella, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard, Rolf Pfeifer

By Max Lungarella, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard, Rolf Pfeifer

This Festschrift quantity, released in social gathering of the fiftieth Anniversary of man-made Intelligence, contains 34 refereed papers written through top researchers within the box of synthetic Intelligence. The papers have been rigorously chosen from the invited lectures given on the fiftieth Anniversary Summit of AI, held on the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland, July 9-14, 2006. The summit supplied a venue for discussions on a large diversity of topics.

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Extra resources for 50 Years of Artificial Intelligence: Essays Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence (Lecture Notes in Computer Science)

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Developmental robotics, optimal artificial curiosity, creativity, music, and the fine arts. : G¨odel machines: fully self-referential optimal universal problem solvers. , Pennachin, C. ) Artificial General Intelligence, pp. 201–228. : Is history converging? Again? idsia. : New millennium AI and the convergence of history. , Mandziuk, J.

24]) to a real formal science. Let us elaborate on this topic. 1 The Two Ways of Making a Dent in AI Research There are at least two convincing ways of doing AI research: (1) construct a (possibly heuristic) machine or algorithm that somehow (it does not really matter how) solves a previously unsolved interesting problem, such as beating the best human player of Go (success will outshine any lack of theory). Or (2) prove that a particular novel algorithm is optimal for an important class of AI problems.

From this point of view, ontologies and language are seen as complex adaptive systems in constant flux. Language nor the meanings expressed by language are based on a static set of conventions that can be induced statistically from language data. Today this viewpoint is being explored under the label of semiotic dynamics (Steels, 2006). Semiotic dynamics studies how ontologies and symbol systems may emerge in a group of agents and by what mechanisms they may continue to evolve and complexify. The study of semiotic dynamics uses similar tools and techniques as other research in the social sciences concerned with opinion dynamics, collective economical decision making, etc.

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